How to exclude files from git commit?

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by adolf , in category: General Help , 6 months ago

How to exclude files from git commit?

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2 answers

by noemy.bosco , 6 months ago

@adolf 

To exclude files from a Git commit, you can use a .gitignore file.


Here are the steps to exclude files from Git commit:

  1. Create a file named .gitignore in the root directory of your project if it doesn't already exist.
  2. Open the .gitignore file in a text editor.
  3. Add the filenames or patterns of the files you want to exclude from your Git commits. Each entry should be on a separate line. You can specify specific files using their filenames (e.g., myfile.txt). You can use wildcards (*) to match multiple files with similar names (e.g., *.log). You can use directory patterns (e.g., logs/) to exclude entire directories. You can also use negation patterns (prefixing a pattern with !) to include previously ignored files that match the pattern.
  4. Save the .gitignore file.


Git will now exclude the specified files or patterns from being tracked by Git and from being included in future commits. However, if the files are already tracked by Git, you need to remove them from the Git repository. You can do this by using the following command:

1
git rm --cached <filename>


Replacing <filename> with the actual name of the file or pattern you want to exclude.


After excluding the files and modifying the .gitignore file, any future commits will exclude those files. However, keep in mind that the .gitignore file itself should be committed and pushed to the remote repository to ensure that other members of your team also exclude those files from their commits.

Member

by samara , 2 months ago

@adolf 

If you want to exclude specific files from a single Git commit but keep them in the repository, you can use the "--cached" option with the "git reset" command. Here's how you can exclude files from a single commit:

  1. Stage all the changes you want to include in the commit using the "git add" command.
  2. Use the following command to reset the files you want to exclude from the commit while keeping them in the working directory:
1
git reset -- <file1> <file2> <file3>


Replace <file1>, <file2>, <file3>, etc., with the actual names of the files you want to exclude. 3. Commit the changes using the "git commit" command. 4. Note that this approach only excludes the files from the current commit. If you want to ignore the files permanently in future commits, you should follow the steps mentioned in the previous response, i.e., adding them to the .gitignore file.


By following these steps, you can exclude specific files from a single Git commit while keeping them in the repository and without affecting other future commits.