How to initialize a pointer or unique_ptr to a variant in c++?

by damian_mills , in category: General Help , 2 months ago

How to initialize a pointer or unique_ptr to a variant in c++?

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by brock , 2 months ago

@damian_mills 

To initialize a pointer or unique_ptr to a variant in C++, you can follow these steps:

  1. Declare the variant type that you want to use, for example, std::variant
  2. Declare a pointer or unique_ptr of the variant type. For a pointer, you can use raw pointers (T* ptr) or smart pointers like std::shared_ptr or std::unique_ptr. For a unique_ptr, you can use std::unique_ptr
  3. Create an instance of the variant type with the desired value(s). You can use the std::make_unique function (for unique_ptr) and the std::make_variant_over function to create the variant object.


Here's an example of initializing a pointer or unique_ptr to a variant:

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#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <variant>

int main() {
    using VariantType = std::variant<int, float, std::string>;

    // Initializing a pointer
    VariantType* variantPtr = new VariantType(42); // using raw pointer
    std::shared_ptr<VariantType> sharedVariantPtr(new VariantType(3.14f)); // using shared_ptr
    std::unique_ptr<VariantType> uniqueVariantPtr = std::make_unique<VariantType>("hello"); // using unique_ptr

    // Initializing a unique_ptr
    std::unique_ptr<VariantType> variantUniquePtr = std::make_unique<VariantType>(std::make_variant_over<std::tuple<int, float, std::string>>(4.56f));

    // Accessing the value
    std::visit([](const auto& value) {
        std::cout << "Value: " << value << std::endl;
    }, *variantPtr);

    return 0;
}


In this example, we declare a VariantType which is a variant of int, float, and std::string. Then, we initialize a pointer (variantPtr) and a unique_ptr (variantUniquePtr) with the values 42 and 4.56f respectively. Finally, we access and print the value stored in variantPtr.


Make sure to include the necessary header files (<iostream>, <memory>, and <variant>) for using pointers and variants in your code.