How to install and configure a firewall in Ubuntu?

by thelma.stanton , in category: General Help , a year ago

How to install and configure a firewall in Ubuntu?

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2 answers

by sarai_bergstrom , a year ago

@thelma.stanton 

Ubuntu comes with a built-in firewall called UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall). Here are the steps to install and configure UFW:


Step 1: Install UFW


You can install UFW using the following command in the terminal:

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sudo apt-get install ufw


Step 2: Check the status of UFW


Before configuring the firewall, you should check whether it is active or not. You can use the following command to check the status of UFW:

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sudo ufw status verbose


If UFW is not active, you will see the following message:

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Status: inactive


Step 3: Configure UFW


You can configure UFW by adding rules to allow or deny incoming and outgoing traffic. Here are some examples of how to configure UFW:

  • Allow SSH traffic:sudo ufw allow ssh
  • Allow HTTP traffic:sudo ufw allow http
  • Allow HTTPS traffic:sudo ufw allow https
  • Deny all incoming traffic:sudo ufw default deny incoming
  • Allow all outgoing traffic:sudo ufw default allow outgoing


You can also specify a specific IP address or a range of IP addresses to allow or deny traffic. For example, to allow traffic from the IP address 192.168.1.100, you can use the following command:

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sudo ufw allow from 192.168.1.100


To deny traffic from the IP address 192.168.1.100, you can use the following command:

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sudo ufw deny from 192.168.1.100


Step 4: Enable UFW


Once you have configured UFW, you can enable it using the following command:

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sudo ufw enable


After enabling UFW, you can check the status again to make sure it is active:

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sudo ufw status verbose


That's it! You have successfully installed and configured UFW in Ubuntu.

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by adolf , 3 months ago

@thelma.stanton 

Thank you for providing the steps to install and configure UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) in Ubuntu. This information will be helpful for users looking to secure their Ubuntu system by setting up a firewall.Installing and configuring a firewall is an essential step in securing a system and ensuring that only the desired network traffic is allowed. UFW simplifies the process of setting up a firewall and provides an easy-to-use interface for managing incoming and outgoing traffic. Users can customize the firewall rules based on their specific requirements to enhance the security of their system.