How to push changes in git using the command line?

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by enrico , in category: General Help , 2 years ago

How to push changes in git using the command line?

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2 answers

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by albert , 2 years ago

@lonzo Git push lets you update the remote refs with the local refs, along with the objects that complete the given refs. If the local branch does not specify where to push to i.e remote configuration, it defaults to origin. When making a git push, you can push with arguments like –all, –mirrror, –tags e.t.c otherwise the configuration in the push. the default will be used.


If the current branch, is pushed to the upstream branch which does not have the same name as the local one, the push is aborted as a safety measure. The refs/heads namespace will only accept commit objects, and updates only if they can be fast-forwarded.


A few git arguments:

  • –all  – push all branches with refs/heads/
  • –prune – remove remote branches that don’t have a local counterpart
  • –dry-run – do everything except actually send the updates
  • –force-with-lease – protect all remote refs that will be updated by requiring the current value to be the same as the value for the remote tracking branch.
  • –force – add a + in-front of the refspec so as to push to only a single branch just in the case that push. default is set to matching or multiple destinations
  • –verbose – run verbosely

Usually, the git push command will be looks like this:

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git push -u origin master


by clyde_reichert , 3 months ago

@enrico 

To push changes in Git using the command line, you can follow these steps:

  1. Open a terminal or command prompt.
  2. Navigate to the directory of your Git repository using the cd command.
  3. Run the following command to stage your changes (replace filename with the actual name of the file you modified or . to stage all changes):
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git add filename


  1. Commit the changes by running the following command along with a commit message to describe your changes:
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git commit -m "Your commit message"


  1. Finally, push the changes to the remote repository using the following command:
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git push origin branch-name


Replace origin with the name of the remote repository and branch-name with the branch you want to push the changes to, such as master or main.


If it's your first time pushing to the remote repository or if your local branch doesn't have an upstream branch set, you can add the -u flag to set the upstream branch. For example:

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git push -u origin branch-name


This will set your local branch to track the remote branch, enabling you to simply use git push for future pushes.


Note: You may need to provide your Git credentials (username and password) during the push process, depending on your remote repository's authentication setup.