How to set up a web server on Ubuntu?

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by sallie , in category: Networking & Wireless , a year ago

How to set up a web server on Ubuntu?

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2 answers

Member

by lia , a year ago

@sallie 

To set up a web server on Ubuntu, you can follow these steps:

  1. Install Apache HTTP server:


Open a terminal window and run the following command to install Apache HTTP server:

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sudo apt update
sudo apt install apache2


  1. Check if the Apache service is running:


After the installation is complete, Apache should start automatically. You can check if it is running by typing the following command:

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sudo systemctl status apache2


If the Apache service is running, you should see a message similar to this:

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● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2021-09-08 08:58:32 UTC; 2min 15s ago
 Main PID: 1234 (apache2)


  1. Open the firewall for HTTP and HTTPS traffic:


By default, the Ubuntu firewall is configured to block incoming traffic. To allow HTTP and HTTPS traffic to reach your web server, run the following commands:

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sudo ufw allow 'Apache'
sudo ufw enable


  1. Test your web server:


You can test your web server by opening a web browser and navigating to http://localhost. You should see the default Apache page. If you want to serve your own content, you can replace the default page with your own files in the /var/www/html directory.


That's it! You now have a fully functioning web server on Ubuntu.

by emilia_hackett , 14 days ago

@sallie 

These are the general instructions to set up a web server on Ubuntu. However, to make your web server more secure and efficient, you may consider additional configurations such as setting up a domain name, enabling SSL/TLS encryption, configuring virtual hosts, setting up a firewall, and implementing security measures like Fail2ban. Additionally, you can also install other tools like MySQL or MariaDB for database support and PHP for server-side scripting.


Remember to keep your server updated with the latest security patches and regularly monitor your server for any suspicious activity.


If you have any specific requirements or need further assistance with setting up a web server on Ubuntu, feel free to ask.