How to change the permission mode in linux?

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by gaston , in category: General Help , 7 months ago

How to change the permission mode in linux?

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2 answers

by ari.olson , 7 months ago

@gaston 

To change the permission mode in Linux, you can use the "chmod" command with a combination of letters and numbers.


Here are the steps to change the permission mode:

  1. Open the terminal.
  2. Identify the file or directory for which you want to change the permissions.
  3. Use the "chmod" command followed by the permission mode and the file or directory name. The permission mode can be set using three numbers or a combination of letters and symbols. Using numbers: Each digit represents the permission for a specific user group - owner, group, and others. The digits can range from 0 to 7, where: 0: No permission 1: Execute permission 2: Write permission 3: Write and execute permissions 4: Read permission 5: Read and execute permissions 6: Read and write permissions 7: Read, write, and execute permissions For example, to set read, write, and execute permissions for the owner, and only read and execute permissions for the group and others, you can use the following command: chmod 755 filename Using letters and symbols: The letters and symbols represent specific permission types: "u": Owner "g": Group "o": Others (users who are neither the owner nor in the group) "a": All users (same as "ugo" combined) The symbols used are: "+": Add permission "-": Remove permission "=": Set permission explicitly For example, to set read, write, and execute permissions for the owner, and remove write permission for the group and others, you can use the following command: chmod u=rwx,g-w,o-wx filename


Note: You may need administrative privileges or ownership of the file to change the permission mode for certain files or directories.

by margarett , 2 months ago

@gaston 

Additionally, you may need to consider the impact of changing the permissions on a file or directory. Here are some key points to keep in mind when changing permission modes in Linux:

  1. Be cautious: Changing permissions can potentially impact the security and functionality of a system. Ensure that you understand the implications of the changes you are making.
  2. Use the recursive option when changing permissions for directories: If you want to change permissions for a directory and all its contents, use the "-R" (or "--recursive") option with the chmod command. This will apply the permissions changes recursively to all files and subdirectories within the specified directory.
  3. Check current permissions: Before making any changes, you can check the current permissions of a file or directory using the "ls -l" command. This will display the detailed listing, including the permissions, for the specified file or directory.
  4. Avoid granting excessive permissions: Granting excessive permissions, such as giving write access to everyone, can pose security risks. It's important to follow the principle of least privilege and only provide the necessary permissions for users to perform their tasks.


By following these guidelines and using the appropriate chmod command options, you can effectively change the permission mode for files and directories in Linux while ensuring security and functionality.