How to run root commands from tomcat on linux?

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by mohammad , in category: General Help , 9 months ago

How to run root commands from tomcat on linux?

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2 answers

by caesar_kertzmann , 8 months ago

@mohammad 

To run root commands from Tomcat on Linux, you can follow these steps:

  1. Login to your Linux server as the root user or a user with sudo privileges.
  2. Open a terminal or command prompt.
  3. Navigate to the Tomcat installation directory. This directory is often located at /opt/tomcat or /var/lib/tomcat.
  4. Open the conf/tomcat-users.xml file in a text editor.
  5. Add a new user with the required roles to access the root privileges. Here is an example: Replace "admin" with your desired username and "password" with your preferred password. You can add multiple users with different roles as necessary.
  6. Save the changes and close the file.
  7. Restart the Tomcat server using the appropriate command. For example, sudo systemctl restart tomcat or /etc/init.d/tomcat restart.
  8. Open a web browser and go to http://localhost:8080/manager/html. Replace localhost with your server's IP or hostname if necessary.
  9. Enter the username and password specified in the tomcat-users.xml file.
  10. After successfully logging in, you will see the Manager App page. From here, you can execute root commands by clicking on the "Open Shell" button.
  11. In the shell console, you can run root commands by prefixing them with sudo. For example, to list the contents of the root directory, you can run sudo ls /.


Note: Running root commands from a web application like Tomcat can be a security risk. Make sure to properly secure your Tomcat server, restrict user roles, and limit root access to trusted individuals or roles.

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by tina , 3 months ago

@mohammad 

Additionally, you may need to adjust the permissions on specific commands or directories to allow the Tomcat user to run them. This can be done using the sudoers file, which controls who can run what commands as what users on a given machine.


To modify the sudoers file, follow these steps:

  1. Open a terminal as the root user.
  2. Run the command visudo to open the sudoers file in a text editor.
  3. Add the following line to the end of the file to grant the Tomcat user permission to run specific commands as root:
1
tomcat_user ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /path/to/command


Replace tomcat_user with the username of the Tomcat user, and /path/to/command with the path to the command you want to allow them to run as root. 4. Save the file and exit the text editor. Make sure to double-check your changes before saving to avoid syntax errors. 5. Now, the Tomcat user should be able to run the specified command as root without being prompted for a password.


Remember to exercise caution when modifying the sudoers file, as incorrect configurations can compromise the security of your system. It is recommended to have a good understanding of Linux permissions and security practices before making changes to sensitive system files.