To run Selenium on Linux, you can follow these steps:
- Install Java Development Kit (JDK): Selenium requires JDK to run. You can install the latest version of OpenJDK or Oracle JDK on your Linux system.
For example, to install OpenJDK on Ubuntu, run the following command:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jdk
- Install a web browser: Selenium can automate different web browsers like Chrome, Firefox, etc. Install the required web browser(s) on your Linux system. For example, to install Google Chrome, you can refer to the official documentation for your Linux distribution.
- Download Selenium standalone server: Selenium requires a standalone server to execute tests. You can download the Selenium standalone server from the official Selenium website (https://www.selenium.dev/downloads/). Choose the latest version and download the JAR file.
- Set up WebDriver(s): WebDriver is an API used by Selenium to interact with web browsers. Download the required WebDriver(s) based on the browser(s) you want to automate. For example, if you want to automate Chrome, download ChromeDriver.
Place the WebDriver executable(s) in a location accessible to your system's PATH variable. This allows Selenium to locate the WebDriver(s) while executing tests.
- Write your Selenium code: You can use your preferred programming language like Java, Python, etc., to write Selenium tests. Set up a project and include the Selenium library/jar files in your project's dependencies.
- Run Selenium tests: After writing your Selenium tests, you can execute them using your chosen programming language's test execution framework (JUnit, TestNG, etc.) or by running your code directly.
For example, if you have a Java project using Maven or Gradle, you can run tests using the respective commands, such as mvn test or ./gradlew test.
That's it! You should now be able to run Selenium on your Linux system and automate web browsers for testing or other purposes.